# Research

#### Exploiting the Immune Response to Infection

The human immune system is constantly active in combating disease. Researchers at the university have developed novel methods for assessing the immune response in minute, molecular detail, to the point where the concept of ‘herd immunity,’ one person’s immune response being used to treat or protect others, has become a reality. This groundbreaking research by UT Austin’s Drs. George Georgiou and Andrew Ellington is already forming the basis for the development of novel antibody products and vaccines.

#### Predicting Future Infections

Using computational modeling, UT Austin researchers have developed novel approaches to understanding how new diseases arise, and how humans are evolving to combat these infections. These results are providing us with a map of new infections before they even happen. For example, UT Austin scientists have shown that evolution of viral receptors in humans is rapidly evolving to limit zoonotic transmission of viruses. (Zoonotic diseases are diseases caused by infectious agents that can be transmitted between animals and humans.)